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Research Data Management: Store and open your research data

Publish and open

It is important that you document your research data and methods throughout the research project. According to Uniarts Helsinki research data policy research data is open by default, so researchers need to consider this aspect as well.

Freezing your data

Some journals and publishers require that the research data is open. It’s important to recognize and separate that part of the data that’s been used from the rest of the dataset, and to archive it separately (freezing the data). Create adequate metadata and publish it (see e.g. Etsin) to improve the findability and visibility. To ensure the reuse of the data, it’s recommended to select a data repository that issues a permanent identifier (URN, DOI); see e.g. sections below about Fairdata services and "Other data archives and registeries".

(Source: TUT research data guide, CC BY)

Licensing

There are degrees to how open or public the data is. The creator or collector of the data can usually determine how openly the data is available to other users. You can e.g. choose a suitable Creative Commons license. Open science coordination has recommended to use CC BY licenses when the content of the data allows this.

According to Uniarts Helsinki’s research data policy, the metadata should always mention the owner of the data and any legal restrictions to reuse. Open publishing should always consider copyrights issues. Data with personal or sensitive data must be taken into account in RDM plans.

Fairdata

Fairdata services include services that support the findability, preservation, and management of research data. The services “enable verifiable and reproducible science and secure p, reservation of digital research outputs”. The services include IDA research data storage, Etsin research data finder, Qvain research dataset metadata tool, and Fairdata PAS for long-term preservation of valuable data. More information from the links above and this guide.

Using these services has many benefits: first, the data are secured for re-use and they have a permanent identifiers e.g. for citations. Secondly they are easy to use to share your data and find new data. Thirdly, it’s easy to meet the funders’ requirements.

Fairdata services

Image: Fairdata.fi, CSC

IDA - research data storage

Research data storage service IDA “enables storing and sharing research data. Data stored in IDA (ida.fairdata.fi) can be described as a dataset, published, and opened for others to download utilizing the other Fairdata services”. Read more from the IDA user guide.

(Click “CC” for English subtitles in the video above)

The service is not suitable for storing sensitive personal data. If you are going to manage sensitive data, please contact the library.

Etsin - research data finder

Etsin logo

Etsin enables you to find research datasets from all fields of science. Etsin contains information about the datasets and metadata in the national Finnish Fairdata services. We also currently harvest information from the Language Bank of Finland, the Finnish Social Science Data archive and the Finnish Environmental Institute, and new sources will be included.

The published metadata on the dataset is open to everyone. The data owner decides how the underlying research data can be accessed and by whom. Etsin works independently of actual data storage location and contains no research datasets. Datasets can be described and published through the Qvain service.

Etsin is located at etsin.fairdata.fi.

Other data archives and registeries

  • Aila is the data service portal of the Finnish Social Science Data Archive. The portal provides access for registered users to data archived at the FSD, according to the conditions set for each dataset. Access is free of charge. There are also open access datasets that can be downloaded without registration.
  • AVAA is an open data publishing platform for research data. It serves both the producers and users of open data. AVAA is a service offered to scientific community by the Ministry of Education and Culture, and produced by CSC.
  • Data repositories - a list of repositories and databases for open data by the Open Access Directory.
  • EUDAT – an EU service infrastructure for managing data spanning all European research data centres and community data repositories.
  • Figshare – international and multidisciplinary data repository where “users can make all of their research outputs available in a citable, shareable and discoverable manner”.
  • The Language Bank of Finland (FIN-CLARIN) - a service for researchers using language resources. It has a wide variety of text and speech corpora and tools for studying them.
  • Re3data.org – Registry of Research Data Repositories.
  • Finnish Social Science Data Archive provides access to a wide range of digital research data, and archives your digital research data free of charge and in accordance with the FAIR principles.
  • Zenodo – “a general-purpose open-access repository developed under the European OpenAIRE program and operated by CERN. It allows researchers to deposit data sets, research software, reports, and any other research related digital artifacts. For each submission, a persistent digital object identifier (DOI) is minted, which makes the stored items easily citeable”. (Source: Wikipedia, referenced 2019-07-23)

More information

Read more about the subject from the Open science coordination in Finland -website, Finnish Social Science Data Archive’s Data Management Guidelines, and Fairdata services.